Origin and diffusion
The origin of this breed is unknown. It is widespread in the Upper and Middle Valtellina, Valmalenco and Valchiavenna. The breed in the mid-90s was estimated at a few hundred heads, with a good proportion between males and females. It has many morphological aspects similar to the Common Alpine.
Morphological and productive characteristics
The coat is made up of short and thick beige hairs, with shades tending to gray and characteristic black streaks on the head and on the extremities of the limbs, in the undertail and in the sternal region. In the Pedula breed-population two main types are highlighted: the classic Pedulo type with a cloak with chamois shades of black and a second type, called only in the Upper Mogna Valley, with white or whitish shades.
Head: small, light, with straight profile; the ears are erect. In males the beard is thick and there is an abundant tuft in the sincipite region. In females the beard can be more or less present.
The horns are saber-shaped and are always present in both sexes. Especially in males they can reach imposing dimensions.
Neck: harmonious, firm, tending to be short with the presence of tettole.
Trunk: long, with wide and deep chest and developed abdomen; the slightly sloping croup is long and moderately wide. The breast is well shaped with a solid ligamentous apparatus.
Limbs: substantially correct, typical of a population adapted to grazing in often inaccessible areas.
The gentle character makes it suitable for milking.
Rustic and frugal breed, it represents a typical example of adaptation to the pasture system in mountain pastures.
Pedula (photo www.associazionerare.it)
Capra Pedula (photo Luigi Brambilla www.associazionerare.it)
|Atlas of native breeds|
Cattle, horses, sheep and goats, pigs reared in Italy
Daniele Bigi, Alessio Zanon - Edagricole - November 2008
This book aims to contribute to spreading and increasing awareness of the irreplaceable role played by the breeding of indigenous breeds in Italy in maintaining agricultural biodiversity, ecological balance, traditions, and niche economies based on typical products derived from them.